Information UnitsΒΆ

Information units contain the data gathered by the services. As soon as a service detects a reportable event, it creates a new information unit. The information unit contains a textual representation of the event (for example a syslog message) as well as information about the event itself. For example, it contains the system that the event was originated from and the date and time it was received.

Which data is contained in the information unit depends on its type. However, there are a number of common data elements present in all information units. Most of these elements can be used as filter conditions in the rule engine. Information unit specific data elements are not eligible as filter conditions. However, there are data elements (properties) which are defined to be present in all information units even though they seem to be specific to a service type. One example is syslog priority. These values are present in each information unit type simply because priority is a good abstraction for other types, too. Such generally available properties are mapped if they are not directly supported by the service type. In the example, an event log monitor maps the event log severity to the syslog priority.

There is a direct one-to-one relation between service type and information unit type. Each service type has its own information unit type.

Inside the rule base, the information unit type itself can be used as a filter condition. This facilitates creating rules that check information unit type specific properties only if they originated from the specific service type (e.g. check syslog priority only if the information unit was generated by a syslog server).